#NoFGM: A Listing For Action & References On Female Genital Mutilation
There should be absolutely no reason for this listing to exist; but whilst the necessity to advance the ‘No FGM in UK’ message remains, this post is offered as a way to record lobbying, and what is actually being done, to halt the risk of genital mutilation to at least two children in Britain, every hour, every day – horrifically, that’s well over 20,000 small girls in the UK p.a.. You are welcome to share in the Comments box below any information about, or actions taken to prevent, FGM in the UK.
Please tell others too that their contributions here will be very welcome.
I hope very soon that this post will no longer need to be featured on my website. To help get to that point, please if you are a UK citizen or resident sign and forward to others this e-petition, which is on the HM Government website and open until 25 June 2013:
NB: this petition and the post below are concerned solely with FGM. There is a separate post here where Male Circumcision and related topics can be discussed.
If you have a Twitter account and would like to draw more attention to this issue, please use the hashtag #NoFGM and follow @NoFGM1. Thank you.
Please note: This post is work in progress. Many more sources of information still to be added…. please prod us via the Comments box if your particular references are not yet listed. Thank you.
What is FGM, and why does it still happen?
Edith M.Lederer [United Nations 'breakthrough']: United Nations Calls For Global Ban On Female Genital Mutilation, HuffingtonPost, 26 November 2012
Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN), a service of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs: Razor’s Edge – The Controversy of Female Genital Mutilation ['When culture harms the girls - the globalisation of FGM']
Desert Flower Foundation: What is FGM?
Ye Ethiopia Goji Dirgitok Aswogaj Mahiber (EGLDAM): Practice of FGM
International Centre for Reproductive Health (ICRH): Responding to FGM in Europe – Striking the right balance between prosecution and prevention
Jacqueline Castledine (Mount Holyoke College): Female Genital Mutilation: An Issue of Cultural Relativism or Human Rights? [also offers a detailed list of human rights documents]
News updates on FGM:
#NoFGM Daily News (collates all information available from UK and elsewhere; free subscription)
New York Times: Female Genital Mutilation / Cutting ‘navigator’ (wide range of listings / article summaries)
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Petitions and lobbying re: NoFGM in the UK:
HM Government e-petitions: STOP Female Genital Mutilation (FGM / ‘cutting’) in Britain (UK signatories, closes 25 June 2013)
Change.org: UK Government: Enforce the UK law which forbids FGM (Female Genital so-called ‘Cutting’) (international signatories)
Integrate: Provide a helpline for victims of female genital mutilation in the UK (UK, victim / potential victim support)
Avaaz: Stop female genital mutilation in the UK! (international signatories)
38Degrees.org.uk: Stop Female Genital Cutting (international signatories)
Organisations for NoFGM solely in the UK:
The Iranian and Kurdish Women’s Rights Organisation (London based)
Project Azure (London based, Metropolitan Police)
Manor Gardens Health Advocacy (London, specifically Islington & neighbouring boroughs)
Some NoFGM organisations extending also beyond / outside the UK:
The AHA Foundation (Ayaan Hirsi Ali)
Desert Flower Foundation (Waris Dirie)
EGLDAM (Ye Ethiopia Goji Limadawi Dirgitoch Aswogaj Mahiber, the former National Committee on Traditional Practices (NCTPE))
International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation (WHO: World Health Organisation, 12 February annually since 2003)
Formal reports on FGM in the UK:
FORWARD UK A Statistical Study to Estimate the Prevalence of Female Genital Mutilation in England and Wales, 2007
Desert Flower Foundation: Legal position on FGM in the UK & USA
Official data and guidelines re: FGM in the UK:
HMG Home Office Female Genital Mutilation
HMG Department of Health: Female genital mutilation: multi-agency practice guidelines
HMG Foreign and Commonwealth Office: Female genital mutilation
Metropolitan Police: Project Azure (‘Summer is for Fun, not for Pain’)
Other information (articles etc) re: NoFGM in the UK:
Reuters (Emma Batha): Some facts on female genital mutilation, 21 December 2012
Huffington Post (Hilary Burrage): Female Genital Mutilation Is Child Abuse Too; So Why NO Enquiries About Ignoring It?, 25 October 2012
Huffington Post (Hilary Burrage): Female Genital Mutilation: Why Does This ‘Holiday’ Horror Endure?, 17 September 2012
Heart of Glass Magazine (Harriet Bunting): Female Genital Cutting: What is it, and What are the Risks?, 29 August 2012
Huffington Post (Yvonne Ossei): Female Genital Mutilation: A Crime Against Women, 27 August 2012
Huffington Post (Ann-Marie Wilson): As Primary School Children Look Forward to the Holidays, Thousands of Young Girls Could be Facing the Summer Cutting Season, 20 July 2012
BBC News (Sue Roberts): Hidden world of female genital mutilation in the UK, 23 July 2012
Huffington Post (Hilary Burrage): Female Genital Mutilation in Britain: The Scandal About to Break… , 6 June 2012
Huffington Post (Michelle Brooks): Female Genital Mutilation: The Dangers of Social Currency, 16 May 2012
The Telegraph (Andrew Hough): Pair held by police investigating female genital mutilation in UK, 04 May 2012
The Citizen (Freddy Macha): The silent agony caused by female genital mutilation , 26 April 2012
Orchid Project (Julia): Sunday Times front page on female genital mutilation in the UK, 22 April 2012
Sharia Unveiled: More than 100,000 Girls Undergo Female Genital Mutilation in Britain Illegally Without One Conviction , 22 April 2012
New Humanist (Alice Onwordi): The cutting season: Female Genital Mutilation and the UK, Volume 126 Issue 6 November/December 2011
The Observer (Tracy McVeigh and Tara Sutton) : British girls undergo horror of genital mutilation despite tough laws, 25 July 2010
The Guardian (Rachel Williams): Female circumcision prevention post abolished by government , 30 March 2011
BBC (re: Dr Comfort Momah): ‘Rise in female genital mutilation’ in London, 22 August 2010
Related issues (demographic and epidemiological studies of FGM, etc):
Desert Flower Foundation: Prevalence of FGM and Legal Status (countries around the world)
UNFPA, United Nations Population Fund: Q & A on Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting
World Health Organisation (WHO): Female Genital Mutilation Fact Sheet No.241, February 2012
Cultural accounts of / apologists for FGM:
Sociological Images (Lisa Wade): A Balanced Look At Female Genital ‘Mutilation’ , 10 December 2012[NB very contentious]
BioEdge (Michael Cook): The ultimate hot potato: female genital mutilation is not as bad as it seems, 1 December 2012
Muslim Spice: Circumcision – Divine Ordainment or Genital Mutilation?, October 2012
Reproductive Health (Abdel Aziem A Ali): Knowledge and attitudes of female genital mutilation among midwives in Eastern Sudan, 28 September 2012
FrontPageAfrica online (Madanma Suakollie): Rejoinder: Banning Anti-Fgm Advocacy: The Case With Action Against FGM in Liberia, 14 August 2012
The Case Against Infant Circumcision blog (Mindofow): Female Circumcision & Health Benefits , 5 June 2012
Jezebel: Vibrators and Clitoridectomies: How Victorian Doctors Took Control of Women’s Orgasms, 31 May 2012
The Case Against Infant Circumcision blog (Mindofow): Truth about Female Circumcision & Health Benefits , 9 June 2011
Cultural Survival (Barnes-DeanVirginia Lee): Clitoridectomy and Infibulation, 17 February 2010
Women Defending Female Circumcision: Statement by African Women Are Free to Choose (AWA-FC) , Washington DC, USA, 21 February 2009
Islam Q & A (Shaykh Muhammads Al-Munajjid): Could you explain me what is the medical benefit of girl’s circumcision?
‘Cultural’ non-harmful rite of passage alternatives to FGM:
Lillian Mitchell & Chibuzo Eke: Alternatives to Female Genital Mutilation in Western Africa
TrustLaw (Katie Nguyen): Breaking the taboo around genital cutting, 3 March 2011
The male circumcision debate
Please go to this post to discuss issues around male circumcision, or to add further information / links:
The Other FGM Debate: Is Male Circumcision Also Child Abuse?
Other posts on this website (by Hilary Burrage) about FGM in the UK:
Please see HERE.
#NoFGM: A Listing For Action & References On Female Genital Mutilation (this post, just for ref.)
Any further information or news of action concerning NoFGM in the UK is very welcome below, as Comment. Thank you.
Please sign and forward this e-petition (for UK citizens), posted 25 June 2012 on the HM Government website and open for one year:
If you have a Twitter account and would like to draw more attention to these issues, please use the hashtag #NoFGM and follow @NoFGM1. Thank you.