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The Global Economics Of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)

February 6, 2014

12.08.24-25 123 redThere’s very properly a growing moral outcry about FGM as an abuse of fundamental human rights. But that alone won’t eradicate it.  It’s ultimately money which motivates most crime, including FGM.  Those who promote it may be unaware of the economics of FGM around the world, but, as I argued today in an article (reproduced below) for The Morning Star, campaigners must not ignore this crucial factor. FGM globally is big business, and it surely has big impacts on economies as well as on the bodies and rights of women and girls.

Thursday 6 February 2014 is the 11th annual celebration of International Zero Tolerance Day.  This date marks the historic event when, on February 6, 2003, Stella Obasanjo, then First Lady of Nigeria and spokesperson for the Campaign Against Female Genital Mutilation, made the official declaration on “Zero Tolerance to FGM” in Africa, during a conference organized by the Inter-African Committee on Traditional Practices Affecting the Health of Women and Children (IAC).  Subsequently the UN Sub-Commission on Human Rights has adopted 6 February as an international awareness day for the approximately 130 million women and girls globally who the World Health Organisation (WHO) believe to be living with FGM .

This strategy has had some success.  It has nonetheless shocked many to learn that FGM occurs in Britain (and other western countries) – and that here numbers of girls and women are probably rising.  Indeed, the UK is the ‘European centre’ for FGM, not least because (unlike elsewhere) we have never to date had a successful prosecution for this child abuse.

In 2007 it was estimated that perhaps 20 to 25 thousand British girls were at risk annually of FGM.  In January 2014, using the 2011 Census figures, that estimate has almost trebled: a new report suggests that the number of women and girls living with FGM in the UK is possibly around 170,000, and that 65,000 girls aged 13 or under are at risk of mutilation.

But public awareness has risen dramatically, various hospitals, GPs and schools have woken up to the challenge, the Crown Prosecution Service says it is close to securing a conviction, the UK Government has pledged £35 million to international NoFGM programmes, there is a national FGM Helpline  [0800 028 3550, or email: fgmhelp@nspcc.org.uk], and some national media have embraced the issue.

We now know quite a lot about the cultural and social pressures which drive FGM, whether in traditionally practising countries and communities, or in modern western nations.  With estimates still rising (for the UK, though not everywhere), and there is however increasing concern that ‘alternative’, semi-legitimised and / or ‘medicalised’ forms of FGM, akin to ‘designer vagina’ operations, are replacing the traditional, dreadful ways of mutilation.

But one (largely) missing element in the campaigns to stop FGM is economic analysis.

The damage is deeply personal, but it translates directly into imposed patriarchy: the origins and continuation over millennia of FGM can be traced through the interests of powerful men.  This personal, sometimes lethal, human rights violation is not ‘only’ an exercise in the control of women by men; it is also an extraordinarily effective means of controlling ownership of resources.

Consider these different levels of FGM impact within an economy:

** Daughters in most FGM practising communities are the property of their fathers until, often at obscenely young ages, and sometimes also as one of several wives, they are purchased by their husbands.  With no alternative provision, in selling their daughter (bride price, perhaps child- and forced- marriage) her parents may also procure the means to a pension; the girl’s new husband may be expected to attend to that matter also in due course.

Once the nature of likely post-mutilation transactions are understood, the sometimes huge costs of ‘initiation’ – in some communities, a whole year’s harvest, which explains why the ‘cutting season’ follows the local agricultural year – begins to make sense.  FGM, and the entrée to adult life which it permits (or, if not performed, denies) to young women, is a financial investment by fathers to procure a degree of economic security for both the girl herself, and perhaps also for her parents in old age.

An ‘uncut’ girl child may be accorded not adult status, but rather anomic non-status, pronounced unclean and refused permission even to handle food and water, let alone to marry; and in that case the investment of her parents in bringing her up will (in their view?) have been squandered.

** Family finance aside, for the ‘cutters’ this is core business.  These operators, traditionally older women with no medical training, but chillingly now quite likely clinicians, have a lucrative and high status line of work which, pitched in aeons of culture, myth and / or secret societies (eg the Sande and Poro) and sometimes witchcraft, they cannot be expected to relinquish willingly.

** Nor is FGM simply a matter of good earners for some.  Tragically, another outcome is that a significant proportion of the community’s adult working population will suffer permanent ill-health and therefore also sub-optimal economic performance.  At best, this amounts to low-grade resistance to infections, back pain etc; at worst FGM is a killer, both of the victim herself and sometimes of her baby or babies, either during delivery or later, when she is unable to care for them properly – perhaps, for instance, because she has experienced haemorrhage or the unspeakable nightmare of obstetric fistula. Local economies as well as individual human beings pay a price for FGM.

** Then there’s the cost to the community and the nation state.  Women who through trauma and ill-health cannot work optimally not only produce less, but cost more to ‘keep’. They need medical attention (by qualified practitioners, if they’re very lucky), their children need a wider network of care, their psychological state may be fragile… the list goes on.

There is evidence that some communities are turning away from FGM; but it seems to that others, especially those with clinically trained practitioners, are adopting it with more certainty. Why does female genital mutilation continue?

Answers vary, but they include eg community members failing to share their unease,  mutilation as a ‘marker’ of difference ( to demonstrate community cohesion against outsiders, or, in western societies, against the mainstream), and the increasing influence in some quarters of extremist ‘faith leaders’ – almost always self-appointed and driven men.

And then there is the simple truth that, for many girls in minority ethnic communities, whether in Britain or elsewhere, they and their parents still do not see bright, autonomous futures stretching out ahead.  Mutilation may be perceived as insurance against uncertainty, an ascribed route to the ‘security’ of marriage regardless of educational or other potentially achieved status.

The tragic truth, however, is that the act of female genital mutilation precludes the very futures which, with wider horizons and more support, many girls would seek.   Some girls and young women escape these consequences and succeed, but for others FGM results in early school-leaving and a life of dependency on male kin.  FGM therefore hands economic power very effectively to the men.

Along with the horrifying human damage, FGM surely has impact on many economies of communities and nations around the globe.

So why-ever  is the economic cost of FGM also not central to thinking on international development and national policies?  None of us, in practising communities or not, can afford to countenance this waste of human life and livelihoods one minute longer.

POSTSCRIPT:

Scandalously, there is yet to be a single successful prosecution for female genital mutilation in Britain.  This omission, after some thirty years of UK legislation on FGM, is to be examined over the next few months by the Parliamentary Home Affairs Select Committee (submissions on the subject must be received by 12 February 2014).

In the meantime, please sign and promote as widely as possible this e-petition to the British Home Secretary and her Shadow counterpart:

UK Government: Enforce the UK law which forbids FGM (Female Genital so-called ‘Cutting’)

Hilary Burrage is a consultant sociologist currently writing a book:  Eradicating Female Genital Mutilation: a UK perspective.

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3 Comments leave one →
  1. February 9, 2014 18:16

    Hilary, this is a landmark contribution to discussion. Here are simply a few more examples in support. In one quarter of a German book on FGM in Eritrea I translated into English for Feminist Europa [available at http://www.ddv-verlag.de/issn_1570_0038_FE%2009_2010.pdf%5D each of 9 ethnic groups in that relatively small country is presented in terms of the economies of FGM events — how much is spent, how much comes in, etc. Moreover, efforts to dissuade cutters from cutting often take their loss of income into account and offer alternative sources (but hearsay has it that razors are often temporarily put away until demand emerges and they are taken up again anyway, the replacement income now surplus overall. And the economics of FGM were prominent in the first exhibition of paintings by Nigerian artists against FGM in Lagos in 1998, organized by Joy keshi (Ashibuogwu) Walker and Godfrey Williams-Okorodus with the slogan “The Suffering, The Sorrow, The Setback” where the setback was explicitly economic … Already in the 70s pioneer Fran Hosken also drew attention to FGM’s costs to African development … But back to your piece: I have never read one quite so focused, on-point and convincing, pulling all the patriarchal strategies of interest and self-interest into the weave. Thank you!

    • February 9, 2014 20:43

      Thank YOU, Tobe. Your encouragement and vast experience are so very much appreciated.

  2. Robert Munyui permalink
    March 13, 2014 14:17

    PROSTITUTION ON WOMANHOOD BY PARENTS
    -THE BUTCHERS OF WOMANHOOD

    When God told Abraham to sign the covenant of the flesh, he circumcised all the male children and he was circumcised. The message was direct and in plain language. GENESIS 17: 1-27. The agreement was strategically initiated and the male child grew beholding daily his agreement with God at every call of nature throughout his married life.

    When God told Moses that the Children of Israel shall not circumcise their girls, the message was given in a spiritual language and bore two warnings. The Israelis parent shall not sexually mutilate their daughters and fathers were commanded not have carnal knowledge (incest) of their daughters making them prostitutes. Girls who face the evil cut become prostitutes on alter of Satan which pollutes the land. The evil cutting is done in honor of the dead.

    Leviticus 19:28-29. This type of prostitution cannot be cleansed by marriage. She bought her prostitution with her flesh and blood on alter of Satan while still In her flower age under her parental care. Unless she gets saved (call upon the blood of CHRIST to cleanse her.
    John3:1 FGM,6-18, Isaiah1:18) she shall go to her grave a prostitute.

    Thus there were no sexual mutilations among the Israelis women. The Girl child was bought up in divine order leaving the petals and stay of love intact for a beloved wise husband core co-benefits.

    She remained a spring shut up and a blessed fountain sealed in divine state. Song of Solomon 4:12, Proverbs 5:18-19.

    By instinct mans’ hand lands at the garden of love and joy to prop it up at Divine state. The Israelis brethren never married from alters of Satan. Israelis women remained lively and delivered goodly children easily a state known to Pharaoh. Exodus 1:15-22.

    That knowledge on the difference between a circumcised woman and a woman who had not faced the evil cut was exploited by the Hebrew Midwives, Shiphrah and Puah as their reason for saving the men children alive contrary to the King of Egypt instructions for their ultimate death at birth for they were easily delivered. Pharaoh was aware that the Egyptians women went through Pharaonic circumcision or infibulations and the difficulties they faced in delivering children were known to him thus he agreed with the midwives’ answer. God has promised our beloved sisters save child delivery. 1Timothy 2: 15 .

    Girls who had the evil cut cannot pass the threshold of Divine virginity since they sacrificed their fresh to demonic world. Their virginity in marriage is according to satanic standards since they have been defiled with humanity demonic practices. All traditional women circumcisers die poor for Satan keep them poor to their trade. The girl child holds no battle field of faith in her defiled crippled sexual state. She is sexually excavated, sexually muted and sexually crippled. Girls who face the evil cut are leftovers from the alter of Satan and for a man marrying her is equal to sharing a wife with Satan. Man takes the marriage supper the left over from the alter of Satan us the dictate of demonic cultures.

    FGM is a form of partial castration for a womanhood. Man is commanded by GOD to give his wife her conjugal rights and also the woman to the same for its a shared joy.

    1Corithians 1:1-4.How can a sexually mutilated woman deliver joy in Divine state to her husband while sexual joy was removed from her in FGM. Circumcision in man does not alter his sexual ability.

    In Church of Christ, ever where parents force their daughters to face the evil cut, the parents having given the devil the first sacrifice should not be ashamed to remove the blanket of etiquette and prepare their daughters to play wives (incest) to their husbands to give the devil a complete sacrifice.

    It is not a greater evil than the first sacrifice. FGM is an insult and assault to womanhood. Let them pride themselves in complete evil. The petals and stay of love are left strewn at alters of Satan. Prostitutes made by parents in FGM are honored. Us no man can miss the mouth even when eating in total darkness, so shall man falter in search of the marital coals removed in sexual mutilation how foolish he is. Song of Solomon 2:6-7. Parents who perform FGM are sources of families instabilities and great evils for the land.

    FGM lay social foundations for unstable marital live. They are highly entrenched in prostitution with their girl child. Ironically these parents are active in the Church who shoulder burdens for the church but with continuous unresolved marital problems a dilemma to the clergy. They are workers of Satan who have camouflage as believers in the Church of Christ. How do they differ from magicians and witches? FGM is the parental satanic sexual abuse of high order. They pollute the land in prostitution and the land becomes full of all evils. How can a father be obsessed with the sexual organ of his daughter as a bearer of holiness in mutilated state? It is hypocritical for him to be in a place where GOD is worshiped.

    Why should parents be obsessed to place the family uprightness and the country holiness in the mutilated sex organ of their girl child? After FGM is done ,the girl child is highly esteemed and it is a demonic cover up of the evils done. Can a girl child with stolen womanhood find love in her parents in subjecting her to FGM?. All boils down to social rottenness that require Divine spiritual intervention.

    Clergy ought teach and preach the truth and hold parents responsible for injustice committed against their girl child in FGM. It is awkward that laws are enacted to stop parents from performing FGM. Men and women of upright minds come together to stop atrocities done to a girl child by her own parents, Un issue parents would have stopped on learning the suffering girls go through in fgm and after fgm.

    Instead of her finding parental love and care, she is ushered into brutality against her very womanhood. FGM has been used as a disciplined measure against women by sexually crippling them against perceived climes they have never committed.. If FGM install holiness in women as paramount foundation for a holy life before marriage and in marriage, then there would never be divorce in marriages where women have undergone FGM.

    This notion stipulate the mutilated sex organ of a woman as center of holiness and un institution of worship since in it mutilated state chastity can be delivered. It would mean men loosing self holiness in God and having secondary holiness in God received from mutilated sex organ of a woman there by making the sex of a woman a centre of worship. This is demonic way of thinking and practice in life. FGM has zero benefit for a man and a woman. FGM suppresses a woman libido which can never be regained in marriage .She is not adventurous in sexual relationship and the man takes the marriage supper under set rules to hind her shortcoming in love..It makes a woman a land without fence and a well without a cover. It is a barbaric culture imposed on womanhood by parents and the society at large .Song of Solomon 4:12

    It is evident FGM put God at faults for providing a girl child with an active sexual organ. They view the active sexual organ of a girl child in its Divine active state as evil and a source of immorality. Redemption and salvation for themselves is crafted by sexually crippling the girl child in FGM whereby they sacrifice the girl child sexual organ to Satan in the name of morality for God.

    Leviticus 19:28-29. By uplifting the sexual organ of a girl child as pillar of morality in defiled mutilated state shift the blame game to the sexual organ of a girl child as a source of immorality in a community hence all brutalities direct against the girl child in all forms of FGM. The blame game is directed against God for providing her with un active sexual organ thus they chop her sexual organ to their taste to make her a sexual mute.

    This defeat any sense of humanity in them. It is cruelty on a girl child at alter of family and community social holiness from demonic world. FGM was authored in Egypt by Pharaoh as Satanic sacrifice to increase pain and wailing in child birth as a Satanic sacrifice. The fleshy sexual coals are excavated leaving her frigid and rocky thus denying her for live time Divine marital gift which she requires in marriage for a lively marital relationship with her husband. How stupid a man may be, by instinct a man will falter in search of the fleshy coals removed in FMG thus leaving him at moral loose for unfulfilled marital achievement .. The fleshy coals are provided for marriage. 1Corithians7: 9. The fleshy coals helps a woman in marriage to lock in emotionally with her husband in marital relationship .

    It is quite evident parents are under cultural moral slavery siege and ready to sacrifice their daughters to FGM at demonic alter of cultures for community social acceptance. How would parents commit their daughters to FGM so us someone can have food for the mouth calling it their trade of life? How could someone say it was done in honor of religion where God is mentioned and the clergy exist? How will ever be compensated girls forced to FGM after abandoning the evil trade? Parents and the clergy should know that the mutilated sex organs remain and the wounded soul and spirit cry to God Almighty.

    Many parents are still stuck in wilderness of demonic cultures though in institutions of Godly worship. Even from time of old women can perform all types of evils counting on their husbands’ support.

    Israelis women in the Bible told Jeremiah the Prophet that the sacrifices they offered they did so with the support and knowledge of their husbands. Jeremiah 44:19 Even today women who force their daughters have FGM count on their husbands full support. They confirm their husbands are part of Satanic sacrifice performed on their daughters in FGM when they disregard Godly advice and truth concerning fgm.

    Who will pull out parents stuck in the wilderness of demonic cultures with love and care? FGM is in the bosoms of parents and the community at large. It all boils down to communities social rottenness. The battle fields of double faiths range in their hearts and they fail terribly to test of faith in God.

    GOD is not a respecter of persons and you cannot modify evils committed by parents to less evils to look good. No form of FGM is acceptable . To think you can subject girls to less invasive form of FGM is spiritually not acceptable . Where Men circumcision involves removal of a fold of the fore skin .

    FGM involves massive dense muscles with high concentration of sensitive net work of nerves and soft bone removal. Her bone is left in the air to dry like wood. This is not circumcision. It is Sexual excavation. Circumcision involves cutting round a fore skin in man. Which man would ever leave cut part of his bone to dry in the air like dead wood? After FGM there are no bows left for man to hold. Song of Solomon 7:8

    NO blood should be spilt in FGM. Leviticus 1928-29. God purposed a woman to enjoy sex in marriage. No Human being should play a God to her life. Song of Solomon 2:2-5. Sexual joy is Divine given to her and parents have non rights in sexually crippling her in FGM. Do not give parents soft landing ground in their evils adventures by making them acceptable social criminals.

    FGM is a faith moral issue based on culture. It is the deadly beastly yoke of Satan on womanhood. Satan activities have camouflaged themselves as Godly believers among believers telling them they assist them in holiness in FGM. If we have to stop FGM it cannot be based only on negative side effects inherited by FGM. Since it is a faith issue one can decide to live bearing all sufferings that come with FGM.

    It is known even clinically trained personnel perform FGM with full background firsthand knowledge of all sufferings associated with FGM. They are well paid by those who thirst to satisfy they cultural based faith attachment in FGM even contrary to moral standards of Godly believers. When FGM is involved, God is of secondary important to them.

    It is the time Satan is Supreme in their lives when all demonic forces raise against the girl child. The clergy have more work to do in preaching having to bring parents and young men on board to the full knowledge of the Word of God.

    Young men know God told Moses in Spiritual language that FGM is a Satanic sacrifice for non believers hidden in parenthood for acceptance. Leviticus 19:28-29.

    Young men if you are presented with a virgin sexually mutilated and a virgin who has her divine splendor of her sex organ intact, who would you choose a wife having stood the test of faith in Godly manner? The clergy cannot live as though no Satanic sacrifices are performed on the girl child in FGM. Young men have reality faith in Godly that you share a wife with Satan in FGM.

    You cannot serve God and demons together. The choose is in your heart. Choose wisely. In Church of Christ, let fathers not exercise the terror of silence and stand up for the divine wrights of their daughters. Parents owe their sons in laws lifetime gratitude for agreeing to marry their daughters whom they sexually assaulted and sexually crippled. God has never asked parents to sexually cripple their daughters so as to remain virgins and holly. Is holiness attained by sexually crippling a girl child acceptable to God’s purposes for her live destiny entity? No. There is holiness that pertains to children of God.

    The sex organ of a girl child cannot be manipulated through sexual mutilations as a gate way for man to heaven. Parents owe their daughters a life time apology for their inhuman acts which robbed them their divine marital gifts. Parents who force their daughters to undergo FGM exercise the most Dignified Unreserved Beastly Cultural Atrocities on the girl child with man child at the receiving end as beneficially.FGM remain the most horrible evil coveted by some parents with full support of grandparents and aunts.

    Proverbs14:1-2. A foolish woman destroys her own house with her own hands. Let parents face the truth and know they have evil thoughts against their girl child in FGM and they are terribly wrong . In FGM, parents are a curse to a nation. It is hypocritical for parents in Church of Christ to spend their twilight years as loving caring parents having soiled their hands with the blood and flesh of their daughters in FGM in demonic sacrifice. Some men force their daughters to undergo FGM under their mothers’ pressure forgetting there are no curses for those in Christ Jesus. Galatians3:10-14, Proverb 26:1-2.

    It is quite evident parents are under cultural moral slavery siege and ready to sacrifice their daughters to FGM at alter of demonic cultures for community social acceptance.

    Can man kneel before God and support FGM. It is awkward to hear men say what is good for a woman and not say what God say is good for a woman and him. It seems some men want to craft a way of life for themselves in name of God. When God told Moses that the Israelis fathers shall not subject their daughters to FGM in honor of the dead or have sex with them, He did not leave any form of FGM for a girl child. To suggest there can be mild form of FGM is not acceptable before God. Leviticus 19:28-29.

    Once the blood of a girl child is shed in FGM the land is polluted and becomes full of all evils. If men have no respect for the complex delicate sex organ which deliver them to the world, how will they have mercy for one another even where they have common faith? When the earth is fully polluted in FGM, at a point in life ,men turn the country a slaughter house for one another and the communities at large.

    How would parents commit their daughters to FGM so us someone can have food for the mouth calling it their trade of life? How could someone say it was done in honor of religion where God is mentioned and the clergy exist? How will ever be girls compensated who are forced to FGM in their flower age after abandoning the evil trade? Parents and the clergy should know that the mutilated injured girls remain and the wounded soul and spirit cry to Almighty God.

    Many parents are still stuck in wilderness of demonic cultures though in institutions of Godly worship. Who will pull out parents stuck in the wilderness of demonic cultures with love and care? FGM is in the bosoms of parents and the community at large. It all boils down to communities social rottenness. The battle fields of double faiths range in their hearts and they fail terribly to test of faith in God. Can parents be so cruel and evil minded to perform FGM in name of morality in GOD?

    We need fathers who can stand for God with their families when the lest rebel against God. Joshua 24:14-15 The greatest force behind FGM are fathers and young men. It is heart breaking to hear women say if it were not of demands by fathers and young men behind the sin they will not do it. In FGM parents break the spiritual and physical integrity well being of their daughters.

    It is all known some men dare not speak against FGM for it propel them to political powers. The parents and the whole family votes are dear to them centered on championing FGM us cultural heritage. Their political powers are fueled by blood and flesh of young girls thus weakening laws passed to ban FGM.

    The young girls fate hang out of balance since she cannot count on rescue even from her dear brothers. Her fate is sealed by those who thirst for her flesh and blood for the injustice of the beloved parents is awful cruel. It is the time a father turns a cold shoulder to his girl child and commit her to Satan in fgm. The girl child lives with unresolved burning self reserved resentments against her parents but all they see is well to their eyes.

    Parents pride themselves in FGM since they receive their communities social recognitions and acceptance at a price of permanently sexually deforming their girls in FGM which they can view in a mirror. Parents are in Sodom of their own even in places of worship.

    Laws to ban FGM may not eliminate FGM since it can be done clinically at home. Parents require deliverance of their souls and spirits to God.
    In their liberated hearts their will not suffer any loose for abandoning FGM for their trust in God is paramount. God Himself told Moses that the Israelis fathers shall not subject their daughters to FGM in honor of the dead or have sex with them making them prostitutes. Leviticus 19:28-29.

    FGM is a Satanic sacrifice involving blood and flesh and parents are more bonded to demonic world by sacrificing their girl child in FGM .Let all Children of Abraham by faith face the full reality of the demands in their faith in God.

    God bless you all united against this demonic cultural practice called FGM.

    It is the time the promises in fgm die out and the demonic world open its’ gates wide for the girl child and closes its’ gates behind her back as she leaves the alter of Satan empty handed for the lest of life time.

    In Church of Christ, men should stop counting their up hold to spiritual holiness in reverence to a defiled sexually mutilated sex organ of a woman. Some men say when women are sexually crippled, men and women remain faithful but to who? Which men are sexually crippled for women to remain holy?

    Is the sexual organ of a woman an institution of worship for men? GOD IS HOLY.

    Men shouldn’t have defiled faith in God based on crippled sexual organ of a woman. Men should love God with a pure heart. The sexual organ of a woman is not a stay to a man’s faith in his God. Should a man share a wife with the devil? FGM is ill tagged as a benefit to man child by those who perpetuate this demonic sacrifice. Men who view their holiness in God through the mutilated sexual organ of a woman put their faith in God demonic practices.

    Culturally women who had gone FGM as they passed child bearing age and hung up the ploughs, the old man would marry another young woman who had gone FGM referred to us the wife of his old age with desires to have children. No eyes blow were raised against the wife by the other wives since they understood their frigid sexual rocky morbid state. They were not a joy to have as wives in their old age . Love to them was like surgery awake and they acknowledged the sexually active state of their husband. It was a time their husband was like a sexual beast to them. They sexually off loaded themselves through their husband’s young wife of his old aged thus shifting the burden of the curse to the young woman.

    If a man has to be circumcised in the Church of Christ, he should join our sisters in spiritual circumcision for all that is salvation.
    Colossians 2: 8-12. Roman2:28-29.

    Can a wise man pride himself before God counting the benefits of marrying a prostitute? In Church of Christ, only uncultured men in Godly practices, uncouth, no witty and demonic sadist will applaud sexual mutilation of young girls.

    Leviticus 19:28-29. FGM is the perennial curse for the girl child and the land. The land is polluted and all evils come to the nation. FGM defeat any Godly purpose for it . .

    Can any clergy support FGM? Only those taught by apostles and ministers of Satan can support FGM. FGM exercise the most Dignified Unreserved Beastly Cultural Atrocities on womanhood which is the deadly yoke of Satan hidden in parenthood for demonic chastity acceptance.
    Corinthians11:13-15.

    NO FGM WITH GOD .When faithful Abraham the father of faith was commanded by God to be circumcised at 99 years old with his son Ishmael at thirteen years old, he obeyed God. Sarah and Hagar were not circumcised or any girl child since there is no women circumcision with God. It was a clear instruction and Abraham obeyed Jehovah God’s instructions to the letter. GENESIS 17: 1-27.

    Parents’ only way out of this demonic trap is to reconcile back to God together with their daughters by asking for unreserved forgiveness and get saved. Love covers multitudes of sins and weakness .

    GOD OUTLAWED FGM WHICH WAS FORBIDDEN AND WRITTEN IN SPIRITUAL LANGUAGE. Leviticus 19:28-29. The message is freely given purely to the body of JESUS CHRIST worldwide.

    By Br. Robert Munyui Kamunyu.

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